Matcha Powder Health Benefits
Vs Loose Green Tea

What are the health benefits of matcha powder compared to drinking green tea? Which is healthier?

Popular wisdom says when you consume green tea whole, you get more of the antioxidants than regular green tea.

To prove their points, matcha sellers often cite a 2003 study conducted by University of Colorado, which found that it contained 137 times as many antioxidants as green tea beverage.


The same study also found that it contains antioxidants at least three times the rate of the largest literature value for other green teas.

So, is drinking matcha healthier than drinking green tea? Or is the truth more complex than what the matcha sellers make or out to be?

Flawed Scientific Study

Does matcha really contain 137 times more antioxidants compared to green tea?

It really depends on which green tea you are talking about. Tea bags contain much less antioxidant, because the leaves have been chopped into small pieces.

This kills the antioxidants. The large surface area promotes oxidization as antioxidants form compounds with the oxygen molecules in the air.

Now, you may be surprised to learn that the University of Colorado study cited above used a green tea bag sold by Starbuck as their sole experimental sample!

This is like comparing apples and oranges. They are comparing the lowest quality green tea with a premium quality matcha powder.

What this study shows is that one should avoid drinking low quality tea bags, and switch to a higher quality alternative. Whether this higher quality comes in the form of loose-leaf or matcha powder is really a matter of personal choice.

Is Whole-Leaf Healthier?

If you enjoy adding green tea powder to your instant iced tea or smoothie, that is fine. However, do not think that whole-leaf is healthier than drinking tea, and by drinking tea infusion you are missing our on the other health benefits in the insoluble parts of green tea leaves.

The Chinese people have been consuming green tea for thousands of years and they have cautioned against eating tea leaves. Here are the reasons why:

  • The most important nutritional components in tea leaves are catechins, caffeine and theanine. These nutrients are flavorful as well as soluble, which explains why rich tasting teas often contain a high concentration of these compounds.

  • In the Far East, green tea leaves are infused at least three times, until the resulting tea tastes bland. So even though you are not eating the entire leaves, you are not missing out much.

  • The insoluble part of tea leaves consists mostly of proteins, fibers and carbohydrates. They have limited nutritional value. (Some Chinese tea experts even say they can be harmful.)

  • A tea infusion is healthier than eating a whole leaf, because tea plants accumulate contaminants from soil and water. These contaminants are usually much less soluble in water.

  • Thus drinking tea infusion and avoiding the fibrous parts protect you from environmental impurities! This is important especially when you are taking a lot of tea daily.

Of course, if you are convinced you are using a high quality products, then eating the tea leaves is fine.

This topic is heavily discussed in the site, please click on the link below to share you view!

Eating Tea Leaves - Is It Safe or Healthy?

How Much Antioxidant?

Both green tea leaves and matcha tea powder are made using green tea leaves. The difference between the two is that green tea undergo minimal processing, whereas matcha powder has been heavily processed to convert it to powder form.

From my extensive readings of tea research, both matcha powder and green teas contain approximately 100 milligrams of antioxidants per gram.

However, unlike matcha, you have to steep green tea leaves several times until they run out of flavor.

Considering antioxidants can be lost easily, my natural assumption is that the least processed option is more nutritious and offer better value for money than the powder form.

According to Aiya Matcha, perhaps Japan's largest producer of bulk matcha powder, 1 gram of powder contains 119 milligrams of the six types of catechins.

A 2007 report published by the US Department of Agriculture (USDA) compares nearly 400 foods for their antioxidants content. This catechins study found that 1 gram of green tea infused in 100 milliliters of water contains an average of 127 milligrams of catechins.

Catechin Rich Foods and Beverages According to USDA

Now, Aiya Matcha is a matcha seller, they have no reason to understate the antioxidant content of matcha. On the other hand, the USDA is a comprehensive study based on a large number of green tea samples.

There is no evidence that matcha powder contains more antioxidants than green tea.

Value for Money?

If you are using matcha powder for everyday drinking and not as a food additive, consider switching over to green tea itself as matcha offers poor value for money.

Tea leaves and matcha are made from the same raw ingredients and processed in the same way. Matcha requires an additional step to break the tea into powder.

The high grades are ground into powder using slow turning granite wheels. This is a slow and costly process, but it is necessary to preserve matcha's unique colour, flavour and aroma profile.

The lower grades are pulverized into powder using air pressure. However, this tends to damage the fragile particles as it exposes the powdered green tea to heat and destroys its antioxidants.

Potential Health Risks?

When buying matcha powder, go for something higher quality.

Many green tea powders sold in the West are made from mature tea leaves that are fibrous and include stems and veins. To disguise the lack of flavors or bitter taste, sugars are often added.

In addition, most of the tea leaves come from China. These mature leaves tend to accumulate impurities from the environment such as car fumes (lead), fluoride (from soil) and pesticides.

Ideally you want something that has been certified organic and is safe from pesticides, heavymetals and radioactivity. To give you an idea what I look for, check out my Matcha Green Tea Powder product review.

Another issue is storage, as powder is more susceptible to environmental degradation than loose-leaf tea.

Caffeine can be an issue for some people, as even coffee drinkers have found it to be quite powerful.

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David J. Weiss and Christopher R. Anderton (2003). Determination of catechins in matcha green tea by micellar electrokinetic chromatography Journal of Chromatography A Volume 1011, Issues 1-2, 5 September 2003, Pages 173-180.

Aiya Matcha Tea.

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